This Day in History: March 22nd

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (WIAT) – The British government passes the Stamp Act, and FDR passes a much more “spirited” act. Plus the first championship for one of the sporting world’s most recognizable trophy is held. Find out all the details in today’s, “This Day in History.”

(AP Photo)
(AP Photo)

On this day in 1765, the British government passed the Stamp Act, which caused the first direct British tax on the colonists. Already dealing with other major taxes, including the Quartering Act of 1765, which required colonists to provide food and lodging to British soldiers, the Stamp Act push colonists were pushed to the breaking point by their mother country. The next year saw group uprisings, and documents drafted to stop the Stamp Act. Eventually, the British government realized that enforcing the act would cost more than just abolishing it, so they repealed the tax. However, the Stamp Act debacle helped push the colonist’s movement against the British government, and the eventual battle for independence.

On this day in 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Beer and Wine Revenue Act. The law levied a federal tax on all alcoholic beverages to raise revenue for the federal government and gave states the option to further regulate the sale and distribution of beer and wine. The act was the beginning of the end for Prohibition, put into place by the 18th Amendment and Volstead Act in 1919. FDR, who had developed a taste for alcohol years earlier, was not a fan of the temperance movement. He considered the act “of the highest importance” for its fund generating potential, which he believed could help get the country out of the Great Depression. The Beer and Wine Revenue act was followed up in December of 1933, by the passage of the 21st Amendment, officially ending Prohibition.

On this day in 1894, the first Stanley Cup championship took place in Montreal, Canada. The Montreal AAA defeated the Ottawa Generals, 3-1 to win Lord Stanley’s Cup. The cup has since become one of the most cherished and recognized trophies in sport.

This year’s NCAA Tournament is still in its early stages, but this day has marked the “one shining moment” for a few teams.

  • 1958: Kentucky defeated Seattle (84-72)
  • 1969: UCLA defeated Purdue (92-72)
    • It was UCLA’s 5th national championship in 6 years

Luke BresetteToday also marks the one-year-anniversary of 10-year-old Luke Bresette’s tragic death at the Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport. The airport held a moment of silence to honor his memory.

Copyright 2014 WIAT-CBS42

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